THE SHADE TREE


A BI-MONTHLY BULLETIN DEVOTED TO NEW JERSEY'S SHADE TREES


Volume 91 — September–October 2018 — Issues 9 & 10

This Issue Presents…

Director's Discourse
Urban FIA:  What Is It and Why Should I Care?
LTE Page:  Smart Use of Fall Pesticides
Spotted Lanternfly Sighting Confirmed in Mercer County
Five Drugs Derived from Plants (Edited)

Editor: Richard S. Wolowicz
Executive Director: Donna Massa
Blake Hall, 93 Lipman Drive, New Brunswick NJ 08903
Telephone: (732)246-3210   Fax: (732)640-5289
E-mail: trees@njstf.org

DIRECTOR'S DISCOURSE

By Donna Massa

The New Jersey Shade Tree Federaton's 93rd Annual Conference is just around the corner. It will be held October 18th and 19th, at CROWNE PLAZA PHILADELPHIA/CHERRY HILL HOTEL IN CHERRY HILL, NJ. Here are some important deadlines to take note of:

  • Registration needs to REACH OUR OFFICE by Friday, October 12, 2018. Make sure you mail your registration with authorized P/O (if applicable) early enough to reach us on time. UNSIGNED/UNAUTHORIZED POs WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED.
  • Keep in mind that our office is located on Rutgers' campus and our mail is sorted with Rutgers' mail. Delivery to our office is delayed for two days. If you mail your registration later than October 10th, it is likely it will be considered a LATE REGISTRATION.
  • Payment Options: Enclose check or authorized voucher/PO with your registration formand mail to NJ Shade Tree Federation, 93 Lipman Drive, New Brunswick, NJ 08901 OR pay by credit card through PayPal. Send your registration via email to trees @njstf.org. You will be billed through PayPal. IMPORTANT NOTE: Registration is NOT accepted until payment through PayPal is made.
  • Reservation deadline for hotel accommodations at the Crowne Plaza Philadelphia/Cherry Hill Hotel is October 5, 2018. PURCHASE ORDERS MUST BE SUBMITTED OT THE CROWN PLAZA BY THIS DEADLINE! CROWNE PLAZA WILL NOT ACCEPT POs AT THE CONFERENCE!

Call 1-888-233-9527 and be sure to mention the NJ Shade Tree Federation Group Code: NZF to obtain the reduced rate of $114/night single occupancy or $250/night one-bedroom suite.

Our ability to work with the hotel and keep the overnight stay cost reasonable depends on you. Consider staying and enjoying both days of our conference, including our 93rd Annual Conference Dinner on Friday night. The accommodatins and the dining are exquisite. If you decide to reserve a room at the hotel, be sure to complete the information on the registration form. Plan and reserve early.

I would be remiss if I didn't continue to fill you in on the exciting developments included in our program this year. We have engaged distinguished and engaging speakers to share with you their knowledge and expertise. We continue to offer our General Sesison, CORE Session and Inventory/i-Tree Session. All sessions run concurrently and are presented by very qualified professionals in the tree industry. Be sure to indicate on the registration form if you will be attending the CORE or Inventory/i-Tree Sessions.

We welcome all our exhibitors - those who return each year to support the Federation and meet and greet you, as well as newcomers to our Exhibit Hall. Be prepared ot visit our Exhibitors not only in the Exhibit Hall, but also in the promenade. They have a wealth of information to offer. Participating Exhibitors will offer individual raffles. Stop by their booth, chat with them about whtat they have to offer and enter your name to win whatever giveaway they are raffling off. There will be plenty for you to explore and learn and many chances to take home prizes.

Continuing Education Units anybody??? The NJ Community Forestry, the Pesticide Control Programs for New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania, the LTE/LTCO Programs in New Jersey and Maryland, the International society of Arboriculture, the Association of Public Works, and the Society of American Forests each has approved our conference for continuing educaton credits! Come to the Federation conference and obtain whatever credits you need. Be sure to check the program for details.

Lastly, join us for our 93rd Annual Conference Dinner on Friday evening in the Terrace Room. Cocktails begin shortly after the conference at 6:30 PM, dinner at 7:30 PM. Experience the comfort foods of the season, enjoy light entertainment provided by "Catmoondaddy," win over 20 door prizes donated by our friends and exhibitors, and congratulate those who have excelled in the industry. It's an event not to be missed. The menu has been carefully selected to accommodate everyone's tastes. When was the last time you and perhaps a guest spent an evening out? We all deserve and need time to unwind! Join us for this fun and relaxing event. You won't be disappointed.

We challenge you to take advantage of all that the 93rd Annual Conference has to offer you. We look forwad to welcoming you to the conference this October!

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URBAN FIA: WHAT IS IT AND WHY SHOULD I CARE?

By Brian McDonald, Forester - NJ Forest Service

The Forest Inventory Analysis (FIA) is a Forest Service program that inventories and analyzes public and private U.S. forests and their resources. Often Called Nation's Forest Census, FIA has provided annual forest inventories at the State level since 1930. This program collects informatin on how much forest exists, where it exists, how much has died, been removed or planted.

Recently, this program has expanded to include sampling of urban trees on all types of land uses. Recognizing the importance of urban trees and forests, the Forest Service, along with state and local partners, including the NJ Forest Service, is working towards a systematic approach for collecting data. This effort has led to the creation of the Urban FIA program.

Urban FIA is a comprehensive, strategic level, continuous natural resources inventory and monitoring system, designed to function on both public and private lands in an urban environment. Urban FIA will complement existing efforts to provide a picture of urban forest conditions within census defined urban areas in the U.S. with an emphasis on city level data for the largest 100 cities in the nation. Urban FIA started in 2014, in Baltimore and Austin, TX and this summer, a crew started collecting data around Trenton, NJ!

A network of urban forest inventory research plots has been established across the United States to accomplish this inventory. These research plots are selected randomly by position on a nationwide grid, regardless of ownership. One of these research plots could be located on property you own! If you are contacted by the US Forest Service to access your property for these research plots, please allow them access.

Crews collect information such as tree species, size, crown conditin, pest and disease presence, along with many other things. This information will provide statewide data for city planners and officials, to help make decisions regarding future investments in NJ's urban forest. So, if you see folks in yellow vests measuring the trees in your town, welcome them.

We can all appreciate the benefits from trees in our cities and towns, and the more we know about them, the better we can care for them and sustain their benefits. For more information on Urban FIA, contact the NJ Forest Service or the US Forest Service Northern Region: nrs.fs.fed.us/fia/urban

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LTE PAGE:  SMART USE OF FALL PESTICIDES

As fall approaches, homeowners and green industry professionals take steps to prepare landscapes for the winter. Leaves are swept away for composting or disposal, perennials are cut back, trees and shrubs are pruned, hedges are trimmed and pesticides are applied in anticipation of next year's growing season.

For professional arborists and landscapers, fall and early winter are an effective time to use pesticides, a broad term that includes products that kill insect pests and also kill weeds (herbicides).

Insect Pests

"Many people don't have to use pesticides at all," says Peter Gerstenberger, senior advisor for safety, standards and compliance for the Tree Care Industry Association. "Professionals may be able to solve landscape problems without pesticides by choosing non-chemical alternatives, such as sanitation procedures and selecting shrubs and ornamental trees that are less susceptible to disease and insects.

"For example, an infestation last year may only require all the old plant material be cut our," notes Gerstenberger. "Often, cultural practices (pruning, raking leaves, etc.) will go a long way toward solving pest problems."

For homeowners who decide to use pesticides, the Tree Care Industry Association offers these suggestions:

  • Identify the pest first. There is no use in applying a pesticide that won't address your pest problem.
  • Don't be tempted to use agricultural chemicals. They aren't designed for use by homeowners. A small miscalculation in the mixing of a small batch could result in drastic overdosing.
  • Buy the least toxic chemical. Most chemicals available to homeowners use the signal words "caution," "warning," or "danger" on their labels. Try to avoid those with the "warning" and "danger" labels, as they are the most hazardous.
  • Never mix herbicides with other kinds of pesticides, and never us the same equipment to spray herbicides and other pesticides. You could unintentionally kill the plants you are trying to protect.
  • Don't mix or store pesiticides in food containers, and don't measure pesticides with the measuring cups and spoons you use in the kitchen. Always store pesticides in the original container with the label intact.

The best choice may be to consult a professional who can diagnose pest problems and recommend chemical or non-chemical alternatives. A beautiful lawn, shrub or tree isn't worth the trade-offs if pesticides are not being used properly.

Herbicides

Fall is a good time to inspect walkways, driveways and patios for those annoying trapped seeds. Despite drought and frequent sweeping, some seeds from weeds, grasses and trees will have germinated, lining joints with unsightly green. Other seeds simply lie in wait until the spring. This new growth must be stopped before the growing season arrives and those small cracks become gaping holes filled with vegetation.

Herbicides are the most cost-effective way of eliminating unwanted weeds, but homeowners need to be careful when using herbicides! When they are used improperly, they can just as easily kill your valuable mature trees and shrubs as sprouting weeds. Only products approved for use on none-crop areas should be considered. Users should read the product label to ensure proper application methods.

"Herbicides should not be applied on or near desirable trees," cautions Gerstenberger, "or on areas where their roots may extend or in locations where the herbicde may be washed or move into contact withtheir roots. Even properly applied chemical applications may be affected by rainfall. Some herbicides can be washed off paved surfaces or soak into the ground through the cracked joints - the very place withthe greates concentration of fine tree roots."

If you are thinking about using herbicides, hire professional arborists. They will choose the correct type of herbicide for the job.

This information is brought to you by the Tree Care Industry Association and the NJ Board of Tree Experts.
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SPOTTED LANTERNFLY CONFIRMED IN MERCER COUNTY

NJ Department of Agriculture

New Jersey Secretary of Agriculture Douglas H. Fisher announced the New Jersey Department of Agriculture and United States Department of Agriculture personnel confirmed the sighting of the Spotted Lanternfly in northern Mercer County in New Jersey earlier this month. There were two confirmed sightings in southern Warren County earlier this summer. The specific areas where the spotted Lanternfly has been identified have been treated.

The sightings have led the State Department of Agriculture to quarantine the two affected counties as well as Hunterdon County, which is between Warren and Mercer counties, to prevent the spread of the Spotted Lanternfly.

"The Spotted Lanternfly is an excellent hitchhiker, with the ability to travel on all types of vehicles as well as various landscaping, wood-based materials and agricultural produce," Fisher said. "It's imperative that we stop the movement of this pest before it can make an impact on New Jersey."

Businesses and the general public in the quarantine area are required to obtain and fill out a New Jersey residence checklist before moving any of the articles listed at the end of this article. The checklist also serves to inform the public about the Spotted Lanternfly including how to identify all life stages of the insect and minimize or eliminate its movement.

Business entities that routinely travel in and out of the quarantine area are required to take, and pass, training regarding the Spotted Lanternfly that is supplied for free by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture at State of NJ Dept. of Agriculture. New Jersey will accept and recognize the Pennsylvania permit. Those businesses that interact exclusively in New Jersey's quarantine zone must comply with the details outlined in the quarantine order. The quarantine also allows access to property for Department, USDA, or USDA contracted agents where the Spotted Lanternfly is suspected or confirmed to evaluate and treat the property if necessary.

The Spotted Lanternfly is currently in a later numph stage and is likely to be red with white spots before becoming a full adult in mid-August. The Spotted Lanternfly, which is native to China, India, Vietnam and East Asia was first located in Pennsylvania in 2014 and has spread to 13 counties there, which are also quarantined. The pest prefers Tree of Heaven as its host, but can feed on 70 other different plant species, including fruit trees, ornamental trees, woody trees, vegetables, and herbs and vines, including agricultural crops like grapes. The Lanternfly in its current stage is about a half-inch to three-quarter of an inch long.

Surveillance will continue in the immediate areas where the species has been found as well as along the Delaware River border in New Jersey. New Jersey Department of Agriculture field crews have been conducting surveys for this insect along the New Jersey-Pennsylvania border from Warren to Burlington Counties with no previous findings before this year.

The Department is asking for everyone's help in identifying areas where low numbers of this insect may be. Residents can email pictures of suspect insects to SLF-plantindustry@ag.nj.gov or call the New Jersey Spotted Lanternfly Hotline at 1-833-223-2840 (BAD-BUG-0) and leave a message detailing your sighting and contact information. For more information about this insect go to State of NJ Dept. of Agriculture

Check before you move: Recreational or Camping Items

• Backpacks • Basketball backboards • Bicycles • Boats/Boat trailers
• Campers • Ice chests • Motorcycles • Motor homes
• Recreational vehicles • Snowmobiles • Tarps

Outdoor Household Items

• Barrels • Cardboard or wooden boxes • Outdoor poles • Plant containers
• Firewood • Propane or oil tanks • Trash cans • Refrigerators/Freezers
• Storage sheds • Shutters • Storm/Screen Doors and windows
• Window awnings • Outdoor furniture • Other • Building Materials
• Bricks/Cinder blocks • Cement mixing tubs • Lumber • Roofing materials
• Tools and toolboxes • Workbenches • Skidsteers/Forklifts • Pipes
• Other • Yard and Garden Items • Dog houses, rabbit sheds, chicken coops, etc. • Barbecue grills • Carts • Cold frames • Fencing • Garden tillers
• Yard decorations • Grden tools • backhoes • Lawnmowers • Signs and posts • Storage sheds • Tractors and trailers • Trees, shrubs and plants

Children's Playthings

• Play houses • Kiddie pools • Bicycles, scooters • Sandboxes

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FIVE DRUGS DERIVED FROM PLANTS

By Rachael Funnel, The English Garden, June 17, 2016
(Edited)

Today there are at least 120 important drugs derived from plants in use in one or more countries in the world. Discover some of the common drugs and medications which are derived from plants.

Caffeine

Caffeine is found in multiple plants and is used in many medicinal and everyday products. According to Chinese legend, the Chinese emperor Shennong discoverd the curative powers of caffeine when he realized dropping tea leaves into boiling water created a restorative drink in around 3000 BCE. Kola nuts were traditionally chewed in West African cultures to reduce the feeling of hunger and increase energy. Cacao pod residue was first found in an ancient Mayan pot, whilst chocolate derived from cacao beans was also used to create a spicy drink called xocolati which fought fatigue.

The first people to harvest coffee beans for their energizing properties were the Ethiopian ancestors of the Oromo people, but caffeine wasn't isolated from coffee beans until 1819 when a German chemist, Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, researched the plant. Caffeine today is used to relieve the symptoms of a migraine, but most commonly is still enjoyed as an energizing ingredient in food and drinks.

Aspirin

Salicylic acid, which is a key component of aspirin, was first dscribed by the father of medicine, Hippocrates, who referred to a white powder derived from willow bark which alleviated the symptoms of aches, pains and fevers. In 1763, Edward Stone at Oxford was the first chemist to isolate the active ingredient and it has since been used in medicine both for its analgesic and anti-clotting properties.

There are many different varieties of willow tree and the bark of each carries a different potency of salicylic acid. Aspirin is created by a chemical reation between salicylic acid and acetic acid, which is the main component of vinegar, apart from water.

Digitalis

Digitalis, or digoxin, was discovered in 1775 by Scottish doctor William Withering, when a dying patient of his sought alternative treatment from a local gypsy and got better. William Withering realized the gypsy had used an herbal remedy containing a variety of components including foxglove and extracted the active ingredient digitalis.

The drug works by slowing the heart rate but increasing the intensity of the muscle contraction and only small doses (0-0.3 mg) are required daily to be effective. As a result of this, only a small overdose is required to have a very negative effect, so digitalis has to be administered with great care.

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